Prepositions Explained! at, in, to, on, and with


Hello language learners, it’s me Sara,
here to teach you some more about English, and today I want to talk to you
about teeny tiny words – very tiny words. These little words can totally
alter what you’re saying. You might know how to use them in one way but not in
another way so stay tuned and see which ones you know. I’ve also got a quiz to go
along with this on my website, so after you watch this, go ahead give yourself
some quiz…ness. Just go on the website, look at the quizzes, do the quizzes, and
then you’ll be good. Alright the first word I want to talk about is ‘at.’ We use
‘at’ in two general ways: one is for a place and time and the other is
opposition; or going against. When we use ‘at’ with a time, the time is always hours
on the clock. So at 5:00, at 7:30, at 3:15. That is the only time we use at for
time. We don’t say “at Monday,” we don’t say, “at the morning” or “at 1995.” That just
isn’t right. So ‘at’ is like the most specific. ‘In’ is like morning, afternoon,
evening. ‘On’ is a day. Any day. Holiday, birthday, Monday, the 5th. ‘In’ is for
everything else: months, years, decades, seasons. Ok? Ok! You’re good? You’re good.
Alright, for places… it’s actually reversed. ‘In’ is the most specific we can
go. So we say, “I’m in the bathroom,” “I’m in the shower,” “I’m in bed.” Then we’ll say, “I’m at home,” “I’m at work,” “I’m at school,” “I’m at the
mall.” You can say, “I’m in the mall.” It’s just specifically saying “I am
inside the building” but “at the restaurant” might also mean you are
outside waiting for your friend. So that’s the difference there.
The other way to use ‘at’ that I want to talk about today is opposition or against. So
for example you have two animals and they are at war. Animals I don’t think go
to war, do they? Anyway, they’re running AT each other. Not they’re running WITH each
other you can also say they’re running TO each other but that means they’ll be
like, “yay~” at the end I had it’s more like filming
‘at’ is directing something towards someone or something else but not in a
positive way. So, “I yelled at her,” “I was mad at her,” “I threw my Catbus at her.” I’m
not expecting her to catch it. I don’t even think she is going to catch it. I
just want to hit her. If I throw something to her it’s more like, “hey
catch!” So you want them to catch it. ‘At’ is more violent. Also, we use ‘to’ for the
general direction. So I’m mailing a letter to her. I expect her to pick it up
at some point. I went to the office again. This is a direction. The only time we do
not use ‘to’ is when we’re talking about home. I say, “I go home/I went home.” Be
careful – a home is a really special thing for us English speakers. The second is
for an invitation. ‘To’ we can invite someone to dinner or we can invite
someone to play cards and the other way we use it is as a reason or a motive. And
when we’re using it for a reason or a motive it’s with a verb. That’s very, very
important so this ‘to’ is for a verb. I wrote the letter to apologize. So I wrote
the letter because I wanted to apologize. That was my intention. My intention. Why
are you working out? To get stronger. Why are you watching this video?
To get better at English. If you wanted to know more ways to use a
tin – I have them on my website there are very specific times you use them
like go to fly to run to return – I’m not mmm
you can just read them on the website okay it’s just a lot if we want to talk
about a reason or motive and we want to use some noun then we use for they
invited me over for dinner I baked these cookies for you you are the reason I
baked the cookies and then for uses we want to explain the usage of something
then we’ll use for their really roundabout way of just saying like for
example these shoes are made for playing soccer they are made for the purpose of
playing soccer this book is for learning new words you notice learn is a verb but
when we add the ing it actually becomes a noun in this case it’s called a gerund
not that you really need to know that I just want you to speak English you don’t
need to know words like that let’s talk about us and with how are they different
how are they similar well of is like imagine a container or a category I have
a playing card with me and it is the ace of spades there are a lot of different
cards that are spades but only one is the ace so this is the ace of spades I
also have of course a cup of coffee this is a cup but the contents is what I need
to attach with an of so glass water bowl of soup
piece of cake so yeah in those ways we’ll use of with is together as I was
saying earlier with the animals running with one another it’s together so please
come with me a sandwich with extra cheese I agree
with her last but not least the difference between with and by with and
by are both used when explaining how you get a result it’s a method or tool with
would be when we’re talking about what we used to get the result so I killed
the spider with my shoe if we’re using by we say I killed the spider by hitting
it with my shoe if we want to say what we used to paint a painting we could say
I painted this with acrylics I painted this with a new set of brushes if we
want to explain what techniques we used then we will say I painted it by
swinging my arm around like this if this artistic yes we can also use by to
express who did something who is the creator so this book is by Stephen King
this movie is by Steven Spielberg and that’s all I really want to say about
that if you want more information about this please do check out the website and
look at the link below you can subscribe to my new mailing list also if you like
this video if it helped you please like it and consider subscribing for more
update so that’s all for now see

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