Improve your Academic Writing: PASSIVE PREPOSITIONAL VERBS (also great for IELTS & TOEFL!)

Improve your Academic Writing: PASSIVE PREPOSITIONAL VERBS (also great for IELTS & TOEFL!)


Hey, everyone. I’m Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this academic
writing lesson. So, today I will be giving you some very practical
skills, practical tools, practical expressions, words, phrases that you can use in your academic
writing. So, this might prove useful if you’re a high
school student, a university student, college student, if you are someone who is writing
an IELTS exam or a TOEFL exam, or any type of academic work. So, I’m going to tell you the name… Technical name of these tools that I’m going
to give you today in a bit. First, I just want to start teaching you guys,
and after the first six, I’ll let you know on a little secret. Okay. “Let you in on the little secret”, that’s
the phrase. So, first we have: “be aimed at”. Let’s just stay with me. Let’s read the example, and you’ll start noticing
a pattern. So: “The advertisement was aimed at males
between the ages of 18 to 34.” So, here you’re saying the advertisement-the
ad, the promotion-was targeted at… Aimed at males between 18 to 34. So, if you aim an advertisement, this means
you try to put your focus of the advertisement on a specific group of people, a specific
demographic. So, you have, you know, males between the
ages of 18 to 34, so this is probably a beer commercial or a video game commercial maybe. Next, we have the expression: “to be associated
with something or someone”. So, if you are associated with something or
someone, this means you have a connection to something or someone. So, for example: “Drinking milk is often associated
with strong bones.” So this is, you know, what research says or
what advertisers want us to believe. This could be an argument that you’re making
in a paper. So: “Drinking milk is often associated with
strong bones” or with having strong bones; has a connection with it. Next: “to be based on something”. Now, this is when you’re using, you know,
some sort of facts to establish a theory. So, “to be based on”. “The study was based on 10 years of close
observation.” So, this means that the study, the origin
of the study, the facts from 10 years, you know, that’s what we used to base this study
on; to do this study. The next phrase I want you to remember is:
“to be regarded as” or “to be seen as something or someone”. So, example: “Albert Einstein is regarded
as the premier theoretical physicist of the 20th century.” So, this means people see Einstein as, you
know, the premier physicist… Theoretical physicist of the 20th century. They regard him… They hold him in a high position in their
minds. So, people say this. You can use this phrase to talk about not
just people, but events. Okay? Like, the Olympics, World Cup, World War II. You know, what was it regarded as? What were these things seen as by people? How did people see them? “Be defined as” – to give a definition. Right? So: “Darkness is defined as the absence of
light.” If you’re a high school student, this type
of structure is okay to use. Many teachers say: “Don’t tell me Webster’s
Dictionary defines this as blank.” But, you know, if you’re a high school student,
you’re just learning essays. It’s important to define your terms; to give
definitions, so: “Darkness is defined as the absence of light.” I will be using this definition in my paper. And, finally, here: “be derived from”. If something is derived from something else,
it means it comes from that thing; it originates from that thing. So, for example: “Some medicines are derived
from herbs.” They are taken from, they come from those
herbs. Okay? Now, we’ve looked at six of these. What do you see that they all have in common? Okay, they all have: “be”, “be”, “be”, “be”,
“be”; they all have a past participle verb: “be aimed”, “be associated”, “be based”; and
they all have a preposition. Now, these are known as passive prepositional
verbs. Okay? So, now that we’ve looked at the first six
of passive prepositional verbs, we’re going to look at another six. And after you look at these, I promise you,
your writing will be so much better and so much more clearer, and so much more formal
and professional-sounding to your teachers or whoever you’re writing for. So, let’s look at six more. Okay, so six more. Now, first we have: “be divided into”. So, something is divided – it is separated. For example: “Canada is divided into provinces
and territories.” Very clear. Next: “be involved in”. So, you have involvement in something. For example: “J. Robert Oppenheimer was the
primary figure involved in the creation of the atomic bomb.” Very clear as well, I hope. “Be known as”. If you are known as something, this is your
primary identity or one of your main identities. For example: “The Wright Brothers are popularly
known as the pioneers of human flight.” Those of you who are watching from Brazil
– that’s just popularly known. Okay? I know about the other guy. So, “be prejudiced against”. I love you Brazil. Love you. “Be prejudiced against”: “Humans are often
prejudiced against people they do not understand.” So, if you’re prejudiced against somebody
or some group of people, you have, like, a natural discriminatory attitude; you discriminate
against this group, you hold strong negative feelings towards them. So, people are often prejudiced against people
they do not understand. “Be required for”. So, something is required; it is necessary
for something. So: “Regular sleep is required for good health.” You need to sleep regularly; it’s a necessity
to have good health. And, finally: “be used in”. So: “Flamethrowers”-which basically big guns
that shoot fire-“were first used in World War I”. Okay. So, I have given you guys 12 passive prepositional
verbs. You can use these in your academic essays,
you can use this on your TOEFL exam, on your IELTS exam. And if you’re wondering: “Okay. This all still seems kind of confusing. What do you mean, ‘passive’?” Well, we have a lot of videos on engVid where
you can study, you know, what the construction of the passive is. Very quickly I can tell you the passive always
has a form of the verb “to be”, there’s always a past participle. The only difference in these ones is that
we’re adding a preposition to the passive verbs. Okay? And these are all specifically, you know… Designed specifically formal… Fixed formal expressions, formal phrases that
you can use in your academic writing, or even academic presentations as well. Right? Now, I suggest, because it’s very important
to remember which verbs… Which past participle goes with which preposition:
Watch this video again if you think it’s a little weird for you now; and after you watch
it again and you remember everything, check out the quiz on www.engvid.com. And while you’re on www.engvid.com and if
you want to support what we do here financially, you can donate at the “Support” link, and
we appreciate every donation we receive. And, also, if you want to follow me, you can
check me out on Facebook, you can check me out on Twitter, subscribe to my YouTube channel. If this is your first video – hey. How are ya? Nice to meet you? Lots of videos up on my channel; most of them
I speak better than what I am right now, so check out those videos. Thank you. And til next time, you guys know what I’m
going to say, right? Say it for me. Until next time… Yeah, thanks for clicking. See ya.

92 Comments

  • Gabino Duran

    August 3, 2019

    Hi Alex I just want to say you always have good lessons

    Reply
  • Learn English with Alex [engVid]

    August 3, 2019

    Thanks for checking out this lesson! If you enjoyed it, you might also like my lesson on how to write a professional email: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Tu1jN65slw&t=657s

    If you’d like to support me and EngVid, please consider donating at https://www.engvid.com/donate/ Thank you for helping to keep us free!

    Reply
  • **

    August 3, 2019

    Like as always👍

    Reply
  • Tahseen Hamza

    August 3, 2019

    My lovely cute sir..lv u

    Reply
  • Tatyana M

    August 3, 2019

    Thank you! Petfect as usual.

    Reply
  • Abu Sufian

    August 3, 2019

    Love from Bangladesh. Thanks a lot.

    Reply
  • Abu Khizar

    August 3, 2019

    A good decision is BASED ON knowledge not on numbers

    David is KNOWN AS my best friend but I don't even know his name

    Exercise should be REGARDED AS tribute to the heart

    Reply
  • Jesus Olivares

    August 3, 2019

    I was about to sleep when i saw this new video and i decided to watch it

    Reply
  • muhammadwaqar majeed

    August 3, 2019

    Hi sir !I hope you will be alright. You have posted video after along time.

    Reply
  • muhammadwaqar majeed

    August 3, 2019

    Sir! I am interested in IELTS exam. Suggest me from where I should take a start????

    Reply
  • Nikhil Kaipule

    August 3, 2019

    Love you so much ❤❤❤❤🙏💙🙏 from india

    Reply
  • An ee

    August 3, 2019

    😞 Alex I hate you… Say you love me as well. 😭😭😭

    Reply
  • An ee

    August 3, 2019

    Oh I see… I'm not donating ,that's why you don't love me Alex ! 😫😐😕

    Reply
  • Shang Jamil

    August 3, 2019

    You are helping so many people around the world so thank you for everything🙏 God bless

    Reply
  • An ee

    August 3, 2019

    Nice meeting to you as well ☺

    Reply
  • Vaqif Asadov

    August 3, 2019

    İ am a school student.And I'm gonna take Sat and Ielts exams.Both of them permit me to study abroad.Can you record video about Sat Verbal?It can be beneficial for me.Can you advise me how to understand difficult sentences?

    Reply
  • Jalil Karbalai

    August 3, 2019

    Thankful for you

    Reply
  • mohammed belemgarni

    August 3, 2019

    The video is completly helpful

    Reply
  • Алексей Львов

    August 3, 2019

    Very useful. Thanks a lot!

    Reply
  • Brahima Bandaogo

    August 3, 2019

    Hi Alex, thank you very much for what you have been doing. I'm following you from Burkina Faso (West Africa).

    Reply
  • Giovana Alves

    August 3, 2019

    Watching from Brazil!

    Reply
  • Sunshine Sunshine

    August 3, 2019

    Hi Alex,it's nice to see you again,sir. Really I've messed you,thanks a lot for your great efforts ,God bless you.
    Keep going our lovely teacher.👍👏🌹👋
    From Iraq

    Reply
  • Farooq Ali

    August 3, 2019

    Amazing 👌👌👌👌👌👍👍👍👍👍👍👍💐💐💐💐💐💐💐💐💐💐💐

    Reply
  • Adriano Vicente

    August 3, 2019

    Santos Dumont is popularly known as the pioneer of human flight

    Reply
  • faridha ami

    August 3, 2019

    Hi, alex . I enjoyed your lesson as usual you are an amazing teacher continue being so. thanks

    Reply
  • Nawar Nawar

    August 3, 2019

    Hi Alex, thanks for explaining these expressions in a laid-back demeanor.

    Reply
  • Patricia Bezerra

    August 3, 2019

    Brazil 🙋🇧🇷

    Reply
  • R D

    August 3, 2019

    Cheers teacher

    Reply
  • Moein Chelengari

    August 3, 2019

    Thank you Alex.

    Reply
  • Aleksandra González

    August 3, 2019

    Thanks, this is so helpful!! Greetings from Mexico!!!

    Reply
  • #CLAUDIO ARAÚJO

    August 3, 2019

    🇧🇷

    Reply
  • Amar Maurya

    August 3, 2019

    Sir
    Best lesson! Valuable content!
    Thank you sir I want more lessons like this

    Reply
  • deepak sharma

    August 3, 2019

    Thanks sir.

    Reply
  • David Duarte

    August 3, 2019

    Hi! I'm watching it from Brazil and I've got to say that even though Santos Dumont was a genius and one of the aviation pioneers, the airplane as we know was definitely created by the Wright Brothers. There's no doubt about it. Thank you for the class. See ya!

    Reply
  • Gisele Antonio

    August 3, 2019

    Teacher Alex, you are the best. I love the way that you teach and I have learning some much.
    Yes we have another "guy" Alberto Santos Dumont. Greetings from Brazil, we love you too.

    Reply
  • Iva Marinho

    August 3, 2019

    We (Brazilian) love you too.
    Great video.

    Reply
  • André Lima

    August 3, 2019

    Hi from Brazil. You are excellent

    Reply
  • renato martinez

    August 3, 2019

    Thank you Alex, it's a pleasure to follow your class. Nice to watch you

    Reply
  • Miro Araujo

    August 3, 2019

    Quem não aprender com esse professor é porque não quer!

    Reply
  • Khyber Jan

    August 3, 2019

    I enjoy your all lesson by the way Alex. Thank you

    Reply
  • Abokhalid Ramadan

    August 3, 2019

    I CAN'T THANK YOU ENOUGH .

    Reply
  • Rima Ed

    August 3, 2019

    A superb video
    Thank you veryyyyyyyyyy much
    You are the best I can’t describe pin words 😍😘😘😍😍😍😍😍😘👏👏👏👏😘😘😍😍😘👏❤️❤️👏😘😍😘😘👏❤️👏😘😍😍😘👏❤️❤️👏😘😍😘👏👏❤️👏👏😘😍😘👏❤️❤️👏😘😍😍😘👏❤️❤️👏😘😍😘👏❤️❤️😘😍😘😘❤️❤️😘😘😍😘👏❤️❤️👏😘😍😘😘👏❤️😘👏👏👏👏👏👍👺

    Reply
  • Ronen R

    August 3, 2019

    Thank you, Alex 👍🏻

    Reply
  • Manoochehr Ghanbari

    August 4, 2019

    Good thanks more video like this

    Reply
  • Kashif Ali Khan

    August 4, 2019

    Nice video sir

    Reply
  • Przyglądającysię

    August 4, 2019

    "Drinking milk is often associated with strong bones" is a eye wash.

    Reply
  • Alejandro Leone

    August 4, 2019

    Thank you very much for the video .Have a very good weekend

    Reply
  • Roman Nowak

    August 4, 2019

    Very good lesson!Thx Alex!

    Reply
  • Cássio Lima

    August 4, 2019

    Haha, I'm from Brazil and we love you too. Santos Dumont is known as the pioneer of human flight.

    Reply
  • Disney Boy

    August 4, 2019

    Thanks for sharing this phrases, but they are way too easy. Could you please share some more difficult ones? Thanks.

    Reply
  • Samantha ramakers

    August 4, 2019

    I love writing tips. Can we have some more? Thanks Alex!

    Reply
  • Anderson Rossi

    August 4, 2019

    Hi Alex! No problems with 'The Wright Brothers' and thanks for the acknowledgment! Oh yes, I'm Brazilian and I love your didactic way of teaching. Keep up!

    Reply
  • Victor Sumikawa

    August 4, 2019

    Santos Dumont

    Reply
  • Julia Silva

    August 5, 2019

    Brazil 🇧🇷 loves you too 💕

    Reply
  • Francisco Javier Aguilar Mendez

    August 5, 2019

    Thanks for the information. You are incredible. Blessings

    Reply
  • Morteza J

    August 5, 2019

    Mr. Alex can we use these techniques in general IELTS exam?

    Reply
  • Morteza J

    August 5, 2019

    mr Alex thanks for your useful video.

    Reply
  • Иринка Узинчонок

    August 5, 2019

    Alex, thank you!

    Reply
  • Luciana Amaral

    August 6, 2019

    Alex, thank you so much for this lesson! 👏🏻👏🏻👏🏻

    Reply
  • Ronen R

    August 6, 2019

    Hi, Alex! I hope you read our comments…
    Please, do not be insulted and do understand me right! 🙏🏽
    I love your videos and appreciate your work 👍🏻
    But I have an impression that you are being a little bit kitschy in your last videos.
    “Love you, Brazil” – what did it meat?! You are not a clown, you are a teacher!! Please, rewatch your old videos – how serious could you be!!!!
    And if a very much mediocre girl at her twenties can afford those kitschy things, a man who is over 45 absolutely may not!
    Please, do not be offended. I love you, but I want your lessons to be serious again 🙏🏽

    Alex! Your teaching style is just fantastic. Your knowledge is gigantic! But, please, be more serious!

    Reply
  • kamel hatem

    August 7, 2019

    Thanks a lot teacher!

    Reply
  • Arman Rasouli

    August 7, 2019

    Hello Alex, would you consider making a video about thyself, thine own and related phrases…?

    Reply
  • Oscar Gerardo Sanchez Velasco

    August 8, 2019

    Hi Alex, it would be nice to order the classes by levels and by type of classes (Listen, read, and write).

    I have occupied google traslate to be able to send this message in English, I am watching your videos and I would like you to advise me the order that I should take to learn from a basic level.

    Reply
  • arahimi kh

    August 9, 2019

    Very clean and tidy.

    Reply
  • Vivel Oumma

    August 10, 2019

    Hi Alex can you make a video about the difference between " because of" ," due to" , "owing to" and "on account of"? Thanks in advance.

    Reply
  • leecooper9911

    August 11, 2019

    Alex is back in great style.

    Reply
  • Дмитрий Шестаков

    August 11, 2019

    thank you for useful video

    Reply
  • rudy8gr

    August 13, 2019

    Thank you Alex. watching from Nicaragua

    Reply
  • Sabid Mia

    August 14, 2019

    You worth Nobel in teaching. Unfortunately, they don't give it for teaching.

    Reply
  • Abdelhameed Tantawy

    August 17, 2019

    Thanks Alex, you have a natural talent and the best ever teaching style… have a good day!

    greetings from Egypt…

    Reply
  • Kaan Öztürk

    August 17, 2019

    You should open a patreon account

    Reply
  • sharanjit kaur

    August 19, 2019

    Your video is treasure knowledge for me. These words commonly use in IELTS writing and speaking . keep it up sir 🌏🌏🌏🌏

    Reply
  • science El

    August 20, 2019

    Thanks you my professeur

    Reply
  • Cristiano Sousa

    August 22, 2019

    Brazilian Santos Dumont is known as the aviation pioneer, the first man to take off on a flying plane.

    Reply
  • GABRIEL INACIO

    August 23, 2019

    You're jocking Alex, those airplane's brothers didn't fly. Santos Dummont was really the First one LMAO.
    ANYWAY, we love you! Thanks for this class 🙏🏽

    Reply
  • Paula Pereira

    August 25, 2019

    I love transcripted lessons, they are SO helpful! thank you Alex 🙂

    Reply
  • hanh le

    August 26, 2019

    Hi Alex,

    Thank you so much for helping us in all ways. Wishing you all the best. Please correct this sentence for me by letting me know which sentence is correct.

    1/. Early morningS. and late eveningS. ARE. always cold

    2/. Early morning and late evening IS. always cold

    Thanks Alex. I really appreciate it.

    Reply
  • Junior Farias

    August 28, 2019

    pretty irrelevant ,but what fountain of youth are u drinking from alex? it looks like every video u make youre getting younger

    Reply
  • Carmen Sternwood

    August 31, 2019

    Alex..you are f———g brilliant,!!! What a awesome channel I just found .

    Reply
  • bruno pires

    September 1, 2019

    santos dumont was the inventor of the airplane

    Reply
  • bruno pires

    September 1, 2019

    Thank you for teaching us Brazilians.

    Reply
  • Silvia

    September 2, 2019

    Thanks teacher!!! We from Brazil, love you [email protected]🙏🌿🇧🇷🇧🇷🇧🇷🇧🇷🇧🇷❤

    Reply
  • Amiin Amiin

    September 4, 2019

    THANK YOU ,YOU ARE GREAT TEACHER.FROM SOMALIA.

    Reply
  • Олег Байбурин

    September 4, 2019

    Great indeed!

    Reply
  • Adriano Dantas

    September 4, 2019

    I'm Brazilian hahaha but I totally agree with you about wright brothers😉

    Reply
  • hanh le

    September 5, 2019

    THANKS. ALEX.

    Reply
  • mcdonald ndalama

    September 5, 2019

    Excellent work!!

    Reply
  • KARIMA CHARCHAR

    September 5, 2019

    Thank you so much

    Reply
  • Níckolas Marzork

    September 8, 2019

    Santos Dumont is crying now in his tomb. Amazing video. Hundred kiss from BRAZIL!

    Reply
  • Iman Sharifirad

    September 9, 2019

    Great!

    Reply
  • Martha Orellana

    September 11, 2019

    Thanks ALEX for sharing

    Reply
  • Alex Peltek

    September 15, 2019

    His method of teaching is aimed at main target, associated with deep knowledges, based on calm manner of speaking, regarded as the top level of teaching, defined as sophisticated and derived and divided into some simple parts, involved in his tutoring and known as the base of his own method and prejudiced against other teachers who required for their lessons exercises used in stupid table books.

    Reply

Leave a Reply