How to LEARN VERBS with PREPOSITIONS | Dependent Prepositions

How to LEARN VERBS with PREPOSITIONS | Dependent Prepositions


hi do you make mistakes when using
prepositions have you ever heard of dependent prepositions prepositions are
always a problem when you learn another language because every language has a
different use of prepositions so if you want to find out how to learn the use of
prepositions correctly and what exactly dependent prepositions are then carry on
watching this is Susan Brodar from SPEAK Languages & TRAVEL the World
here to help you improve your English with minimum effort maximum benefits
what are dependent prepositions that there are many verbs nouns and
adjectives that naturally have a preposition connected to them and
depending on the preposition the meaning can change the case of the verb speak
for example if you speak to you always speak to somebody so I speak to him I
speak to her I speak to my friend this is always speak to instead if I speak
about I’m speaking about something I speak about a problem I speak about the
weather so speak to is different from speak about but you have to use the
preposition in connection with this verb to change the meaning another example is
with the adjective angry you can be angry with someone but you’re angry
about something so I’m angry with my mother but I’m angry about the fact that
I didn’t get a promotion another example with an adjective is the adjective good
I’m good at playing football I’m good at something I’m good at playing football
I’m good with someone I’m good with children I’m capable of relating well to
children also nouns are connected to prepositions reason for is an example
with a noun the reason for your difficulty is because every language
uses prepositions differently that’s the reason for your difficulty
how can we learn these prepositions connected to the verb nouns or
adjectives there are many many lists there isn’t really a right way I
personally disagree with just learning lists I’m experimenting with my students
teaching them to either make phrases with affirmative negative and questions
on the most important verbs nouns or adjectives that they find useful for
them and so they have to find the connecting preposition and make phrases
affirmative negative and question also changing tenses so the past the future
the present perfect that way you get more familiarity with these because in
reality the more you repeat them the better it becomes however it’s no good
just repeating them memorizing them you do need to create a context and the best
would be a memorable context for you so this is one way of doing it another way
of doing it which I’m experimenting is to take one preposition for example on
and learn again the ones which are more important to you but all in one category
all the verbs nouns and prepositions that are connected to that will be
learnt together then all the ones with in or the ones with at or the ones with
with this is another way and I’m not sure which is the best way I think that
we all have to find our own way now look at this document for some examples of
sentences which use quite common combinations of nouns verbs or
adjectives with the prepositions just so you get a feel for the more common ones
dependent prepositions in this case these examples are after verbs I’d like
to give you some examples of how you can practice
chunks or phrasal verbs or collocations by creating sentences
which are affirmative negative interrogated or also in the present in
the past in the future the more you practice them the more they’ll stick in
your brain and them naturally they’ll come to you so let’s try with the
example of depend on many of my students make the mistake of saying depend of but
we say depend on what does your promotion depend on it depends on how
many years I’ve worked it doesn’t depend on my age what does your holiday
destination depend on it depends on my financial situation it doesn’t depend on
what my friends are doing what do your weekend activities depend
on they depend on the weather they don’t depend on my friends activities so as
you see I’ve made sentences in the affirmative interrogated and negative to
practice this expression now these happen to all be in the present tense
but I do recommend changing the tenses because that way they’ll become more
sedimented here is an example with other verbs and prepositions in this case I’ve
only done affirmative negative and question once but obviously the more
sentences you create in various tenses the better will be he apologized to the
policeman for driving fast he didn’t apologize to the teacher for not doing
her homework have you apologized to your friend for lying to him we’re arriving
in Milan on Sunday so arrive when it’s followed by in refers to in a town or in
a city we’re not arriving at Gatwick at 3:45 on
Sunday but on Monday so arrived at refers to a place did you
arrive in New York on Saturday who does this book belong to it doesn’t
belong to me does it belong to your sister it belongs to my brother I never
argue with my husband about money we argue about trivial things would you
argue with your mate if he didn’t lend you a t-shirt I asked my friend for the
homework so as you can see here ask and the preposition for are separated by a
word usually the object of the sentence I didn’t ask him for a receipt could you
ask the weight of the bill I’m waiting for my sister she’s not waiting for them
any longer who are you waiting for I totally agree with you
I absolutely disagree with you do you agree with your parents political ideas
he invited me to the cinema she didn’t invite me to her party did they invite
you to dinner I paid for her because she forgot her money he didn’t pay for his
university studies he got a grant did you have to pay for your holidays when
you were a student I never spoke to them about you I won’t speak to him about it
if you don’t want me – have you spoken to him about the problem as you can see
here in the first sentence I used the simple past in the second
I used a future and in the third I use the present perfect this is a perfect
way of practicing it but as you see the verb changes and that’s
important to still connect the preposition to the verb we always speak
about politics they haven’t spoken about this topic yet do you ever speak about
it with your friends so as you can see speak to refers to speaking to a person
speak about refers to speaking about something I spent too much on clothes
last month I didn’t spend enough on books how much did you spend on food
last month I believe in aliens I don’t believe in ghosts do you believe in
telepathy you can choose between these two items he can’t choose between those
two sports can I choose between these drinks okay now how can you do this on
your own there are various ways I would say take a list of verbs nouns or
adjectives with prepositions choose the one that you find a more meaningful for
you and then you have three possibilities to create your own
sentences and make sure that they actually sound natural because if you
invent them they risk having mistakes in them so one of them probably the easiest
one is to go on Ludvig dot guru Ludvig dot guru is a search engine which will
pick out sentences with whatever you type into it and so you’ll get a variety
of sentences which are naturally correct if you type in depend on you’ll get a
lot of sentences which have depend on in them and then you can choose one or two
which significant for you and make sure you
write them down in the affirmative in the negative and in the question form so
that you can practice all forms maybe change some into the past or into the
future so that you really get to make them stick in your mind by using them
and then you have to read them out loud and use them because only if you
actually pronounce them will you also hear them so you’re using all your
senses and if you can also imagine the situation you’re using your imagination
to visualize it and the more senses you get into motion the easier it will be
for you to fix it in your mind and make it become natural you can then also if
you have more time take these combinations for example depend on and
puts them into you gleesh calm and you’ll also get video clips which use
this expression or also into play phrase dot me which again will give you video
clips with all these combinations that you’ve chosen to learn it’s also an
opportunity to copy down again some interesting sentences that you get off
the video clips and it’s good for you to hear them which will also improve your
listening skills and get your hearing another and also activate your hearing
another one of the senses so it’s very important when you’re learning a
language to visualize it and also hear it and speak it all these senses will
make it stick better in your brain what about you do you have any other ways of
learning things which are difficult to learn right your techniques in the
comments below for all of us to share oh don’t forget to subscribe if you haven’t
done so already hit the notification bar so you can be notified when I next
upload a video make sure you implement all these skills that I’m trying to give
you and I look forward to seeing in the next
I

3 Comments

  • Salman Ahmed

    October 17, 2019

    Perfectly explained.. thank you madam

    Reply
  • SPEAK LANGUAGES & TRAVEL THE WORLD

    October 18, 2019

    How to LEARN VERBS with PREPOSITIONS | Dependent Prepositions | Advanced English.
    Why are some verbs followed by different prepositions? If you'd like to know why there are different prepositions after some verbs and how best to learn verbs with prepositions, as well as nouns & adjectives with prepositions, then watch this video. These are called DEPENDENT PREPOSITIONS and cause many students a lot of trouble – however, there are three fun ways to learn them in context, so find out in my video for advanced English learners.

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  • Mick Bailey

    November 5, 2019

    NICE! Can’t wait to hear what else you’re working on! This 100% deserves more views! Why don’t you use smzeus(dot)com to promote your videos.

    Reply

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