Предложный падеж. Окончания. Часть 2

Предложный падеж. Окончания. Часть 2


Hello! Today, I want to talk one more time about the prepositional case. Probably, you already remember, that nouns in the prepositional case usually get -е or-и at the end of a word. But there are several special words, that you need to remeber. All those special words are masculine. There are not many such words, but you need to remeber them. So, what is special about them? Depending on the situation, in the prepositional case, these words get different endings . The endings are -у and -е. The choice depends on the situation. If the word answers the question “where?” (it is location), the ending is -у. This happens only with special words! In all other situations the same word ends with -е. Here, I wrote the most frequently used of them. airport, port, garden, wardrobe, bridge, forest, row, coast, wind, floor, snow, corner. There are more of them! Let’s look at the examples. For example, an airport. Они в новом аэропорту. Where are they? Airport is their location, so it ends with -у here. But here is another example. Статья о новом аэропорте. Now, an airoprt is the theme of an article. It is not a place, where a journalist wrote an article. It is not a place, where you bought a newspaper. It is the topic of an article. Статья о новым аэропорте. It is a location, so the ending is -е. Another example. The word “мост” (bridge). Another special word. Они на мосту. Where are they? So the ending is -у. But, “они говорят о будущем мосте”. Now bridge is the theme of their discussion. It is what they talk about. They are not on a bridge right now. One more example. The word “лес” (forest). Они в лесу. It is obvious. Where are they? So the ending is -у. And she lives in the city, so она часто мечтает о лесе. Here, a forest is not a location. She is in the city, and the forest is there. And she dreams. Forest now is the object of her dream. Got it? It is the theme of her dream. And we choose the ending -е. But that is not all! There is another VERY important word in this group of special words. It is the word “год” (year). The word “год” also has two different endings in the prepositional case. If the question is ”when?” then the ending is -у. In other situationsm the ending is -е. Look! Он окончил университет (когда?=when?) в 2010-ом году. -у But! Историк написал статью (о чём?=what about->the topic of an article) о 1917-ом годе. See? Он написал статью в 2017-ом году о 1917-ом годе. And now… it is time for practise!

4 Comments

  • shyti shy

    January 22, 2019

    Спасибо

    Reply
  • Скорпион Скорпионович

    February 2, 2019

    Продолжайте в таком же духе, вы самая идеальная учительница в мире 😘😘😘

    Reply
  • Акылбек Токтошов

    February 9, 2019

    Спасибо вам

    Reply
  • Deniz üçer

    March 4, 2019

    вы очень умная девушка. спасибо.

    Reply

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